The seeds are extracted from the sesame plant, which grows only in tropical areas with 90 to 120 frost-free days per year. Although the plant can grow at daytime temperatures of about 10ºC, ideal conditions require 25ºC to 27ºC. The sesame plant grows to a height of 200 cm and can be harvested 90 to 150 days after planting. The sesame seeds grow inside pods on the plant which contain 50 to 100 seeds and can be extracted after drying the plant. The seeds can be stored at room temperature for about 5 years without loss of viability.
Sesame Seed Applications
Sesame seed in it´s various forms is used in a wide variety of applications from food processing to the production of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The sesame seeds are cleaned and filtered before being processed.
Sesame seed in food production
Sesame seeds are maybe most famous as a decoration on hamburger buns (Aqua Hulled Sesame) but have a wide range of uses in a great variety of different foods. Sesame seeds are rich in oil, proteins and vitamins B1 and E and therefore a healthy basis or addition to any recipe.
Global Sesame seed production and consumption
At the moment, regions with the highest production of sesame seeds are Asia, Africa and Latin America. Among the biggest consumers of sesame seeds are China, India and the Middle East, where sesame seeds are a basis of daily food consumption.